O, junk, dragon, tar.
Central nervous system depressant, analgesic.
Raw opium is a black, sticky, tar-like substance.
Initial stimulation, enhanced imagination, euphoria, relaxation, decreased anxiety, sleep.
Nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, decreased heart-rate, shallow breathing.
Occasionally used as an analgesic but very rare nowadays.
Dependence, lack of physical care, constipation.
Class A under the Misuse of Drugs Act, 1971. Related offences include allowing your premises to be used for the consumption of opium and being in possession of implements used in the preparation and consumption of opium.
How is it taken?
Usually smoked in a pipe, with nothing added, but like heroin it can be heated on tinfoil and the fumes inhaled - so-called chasing the dragon. It can also be eaten or brewed into a tea and drunk.
Opium pipe, tinfoil, matches or lighter.
Where does it come from?
The earliest record of opium was 6,000 years ago. It is derived from the poppy, papaver somniferum, which grows in many parts of the world (including Britain).
The main centres of illicit production include the border regions of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan - known as the \P\K3.map\k'Golden Crescent'\p - around the borders of Thailand, Burma and Laos - known as the \P\K3.map\k'Golden Triangle'\p and parts of the Indian sub-continent.
Codeine, morphine and heroin are refined from raw opium. It is rarely seen in Britain nowadays
There are a handful of older opium dependent drug users being seen by drug dependency clinics.