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Amphetamine, Dexedrine, Methedrine, Benzedrine

Amphet, speed, whizz, billy, billy whizz, ice, crank, dex, dexies, fast, go fast, sulph, sulphate, uppers.

Alcoholic Drinks

Generic name

Amphetamines.

Scientific name

Amphetamine sulphate, dexamphetamine sulphate, dextroamphetamine, methylamphetamine.
Amphetamine-like drugs include apisate (diethylproprion), duromine (phentermine), volital (pemoline), ritalin (methylphenidate), tenuate dospan (diethylpropion).

Action

Central nervous system stimulant.

Drug form

Licit:

5mg dexamphetamine tablets (Dexedrine), white, marked SKF.

Illicit:

amphetamine sulphate powder ranges in colour from off-white to pink (known as pink champagne). Methylamphetamine comes as white crystals, and is known as ice, or in tablets known in Thailand as yabba or shabu.

Medical use

Sometimes prescribed as an appetite suppressant, to treat narcolepsy, hyperactivity in children, and depression.

Drug Effects

Desired:

euphoria, alertness, confidence.

Side-effects:

insomnia, loss of appetite, dry mouth.

Risks

Short-term:

anxiety, paranoia, tolerance.

Long-term:

psychosis, dependence.

Legal status

Class B under the Misuse of Drugs Act, 1971 (Class A if prepared for injection).

How is it taken?

Tablets can be swallowed, powders can snorted up the nose (video), dissolved in a drink, or swallowed (known as bombing). Both powders and tablets can prepared for injection (video). Methylamphetamine, or ice, can be smoked.

Paraphernalia

Illicit amphetamine is usually sold as 'grams' or in a paper wrap.
If the drug is snorted - a razor blade will be used to chop it on a hard level surface such as a mirror or a sheet of glass or a tile. A tube or rolled banknote will be used as a 'pipe'.
If injected: syringe and needle, water, tourniquet.
If smoked: matches and tinfoil.

Images

Chopping a line of amphetamine to snort.
Amphetamine sulphate powder, various forms.
Preparing to snort through a banknote.
Video of legal amphetamine tablets.
Video of illicit amphetamine powder.
Video of illicit amphetamine tablets.
Injecting Amphetamines.

Where does it come from?

Diverted from manufacturers, pharmacies, GPs, or made in clandestine laboratories in Britain and elsewhere and distributed through the illicit drug market.

Helping services

Community drug teams and other community based services will offer help to amphetamine users and their families. Some hospital based services can help long-term injectors. For a description of what the different drug services do, choose helping services from here or the main menu.